OLD CITY BAR

Old Bar is a city with over 2,500 years of existence. The Mediterranean climate, abundant water and noble field have made this area one of the oldest civilizations of the habitat of the eastern coast of the Adriatic.
 
Below the remnants of the old city found a multitude of fragments of pottery that date back roughly from 8th to 5th century BC, when this area was inhabited by Illyrian tribe Encheleans. Subsequent excavations revealed findings and from the Roman and early Byzantine times (3 to 5 th century AD).
 
In written historical sources from the IX and X century Old Town was first mentioned as Antibareos, then as Antibaris and in the eleventh century as Antibari with Emperor Constantine.
 
Stefan Vojislav, Prince Duklja Slovenes, 1042. god. in the area of ​​Bara defeated the Byzantines. At the same time defeated the army of Raska, Bosnia and Hum extending their clans. Duklja became the most powerful South Slav state, and its town Bar becomes a significant cultural, economic and communications center.
 
The city cathedral of St. George, in 1067 Prince Mihajlo Vojisavljević was crowned king. The ancient cathedral became the temple of coronation and burial of the rulers of Duklja Dynasty Vojisavljevića.
 
The Catholic diocese in 1089 he received the status Duklean Archbishopric and the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the diocese of neighboring cities and areas of Serbia, Bosnia and Travunije.
 
At the end of the twelfth century, the prelate of the Bar of the church, Abbot Gregory, made the "Bar Yearbook" most extensive historical work of fiction about the history of the southern Slavs.
 
Bar, as well as the surrounding coastal towns and areas, as in 1183 became part of the medieval state of Serb dynasty Nemanjic. In the middle of the fourteenth century Bar is ruled Zeta dynasty Balšić, and in the fifteenth century passed from hand to hand Venetians, Balšića, Despot Stefan Lazarevic, Djurdja B Rankovic and Stefan Vukčić. From 1443 belonged to the Venetian Republic. The city is then expanded, built and definitely determined system of walls, bastions and towers. It was then existed thirty Gothic and Renaissance palaces, sixteen churches and monasteries, several hundred houses and about 4000 inhabitants ...
 
City Bar had the statute and mint.
 
Turks conquered Bar in 1571, without a fight and demolition. In three centuries Bar lives as a significant furnished town with a good income from trade and agriculture (olive).
 
Prince Nikola Petrovic and Montenegrins liberate Bar in 1878. Semi-torn city since then ceases to live and life is slowly moving to the coast.
 
The walls of Bar are fully restored, as well as several important buildings in the city only.
 
At the remains of one of the churches is preserved and icons of St. Nicholas from the fifteenth century.
 
Frequent shifts of various conquerors and rulers in the region were leaving their mark, so that today we have over 30 cultural monuments. The most important is Old Bar which there are more than 2,500 years and represents a unique synthesis of Mediterranean and Orient.
 
It comes from the early Middle Ages. In historical sources it was first mentioned under the name ANTIVARI end of September and during the X century.
 
At the beginning of XI century was a significant economic, political and cultural center of the state of Zeta. In 1089 it became the seat Duklean Bar Archbishopric. The composition Nemanjas country enters 1183. In the fourteenth century the city was a free commune with the statute and mint. Bar with coastal regions in 1443 govern the Venetians and the Turks in 1571. Three centuries later, in 1878, the city liberated by Montenegrins. Destroyed the city since then cease to live.